Ελληνικά Erasmus at ATEITH









Where?

ATEITH campus is placed in Sindos, 15 mins from Thessaloniki. Thessaloniki, a built near the sea lively modern city (overlooking the Gulf of Thermaikos), is the capital of Macedonia and second largest city of Greece today. According to the Hellenic Statistical Authority's 2011 survey, the Regional Section of Thessaloniki contains 1.104.460 citizens, whereas municipality of Thessaloniki contains 322.240 of them. It is situated 520 km north of Athens being the most important centre of the area. It is a modern metropolis bearing the marks of its stormy history and its cosmopolitan character, which give it a special beauty and charm.

The White Tower (“Lefkos Pyrgos” in Greek), which dominates the seafront promenade and is one of the last remainders of the 15th century fortifications, has become the unofficial emblem of Thessaloniki. Apart from the more recognized monuments of Thessaloniki (ancient Greek, Roman, Byzantine etc.) the city also possesses a large display of individual structures as well as entire housing blocks which belong to the modern period of Architecture (popular Architecture and Neoclassical structures). Those buildings not only reflect the spirit and mood of the period they were built in but through their technique illustrate the centuries - old experience of the Greeks who built them.

General information

  • Greece belongs to the Eastern-European time zone and it is two hours (+2) ahead of Greenwich Time.
  • The currency used in Greece is Euro.
  • The national official language is Greek. However, most of the people speak and understand other languages like English, French, German, Italian and Spanish.
  • Thessaloniki enjoys a typical Mediterranean climate, with its location in northern Greece resulting in the region receiving more rain than other areas of the country, and seeing lower temperatures during the winter. Summers in Thessaloniki are generally hot and dry, and the area receives an abundance of sunshine even during the low season.
    Useful link: The Weather Channel

Transportation

  • The "Makedonia" airport of Thessaloniki, at the area of Mikra, is the second largest airport of Greece and is linked with most destinations of Europe and the Balkan countries. To get from the airport to the centre of the town will take you from 20 to 45 minutes, depending on the traffic. You can go to the centre of Thessaloniki using bus number 78. It runs every 45 minutes and it takes approximately 45 minutes.
    Useful link: http://www.thessalonikiairport.com

  • The Port of Thessaloniki is one of the largest Greek seaports and one of the largest ports in the Aegean Sea basin, with a total annual traffic capacity of 16 million tonnes. As a free port, it also functions as a major gateway for the Balkan hinterland and southeastern Europe. The Port of Thessaloniki also contains the second largest container port in Greece, after the Port of Piraeus. From there one can travel to many islands of the Aegean in the summer.
    Useful link: http://www.thpa.gr/index.php?lang=en

  • You can cover most of the distances in the city on foot or using the local buses. Tickets can be bought either in kiosks or in vending machines on the bus. If you buy the ticket on board the bus remember to have coins and you will not get any change back. All tickets must be validated and they reach over 70 minutes. Different kind of day passes are also available.
    Useful link: http://www.oasth.gr

  • Of course, you can always use your bicycle.



  • On smaller streets taxis can be hailed wherever you need one. On the major city streets there are points signed "TAXI". You also find taxis standing on piazzas or outside hotels.

  • Thessaloniki is also connected to other Greek cities and towns with a railway and intercity buses. Besides, you can travel to Balkan cities and even to central Europe by train.
    Useful links: http://www.ose.gr/en/Home.aspx
    http://www.ktelmacedonia.gr/en/home/

Sleeping

Thessaloniki is famous for various events, festivals and cultural happenings, and is unofficially the cultural capital of Greece. Each year the city hosts the Thessaloniki International Trade Fair and the Thessaloniki International Film Festival and during these meetings it could be difficult to find accommodation. Always book in advance to ensure a comfortable place to stay.
Prices can be up to 20% lower, depending on when you go. Most hotels will usually tell you the higher prices but always give a discount when they are not fully booked.
Useful link: Thessaloniki Hotels Association

Life in Thessaloniki

  • Eating: Take a walk at the famous Ladadika area, near Aristotelous square, and you will find a number of traditional restaurants, ouzeries and taverns. Enjoy grills and inventive recipes such as Kontosouvli, Giaprakia and Gardoubes with a glass of wine or ouzo. If you prefer seafood, you will be excited when you taste Mussels’ pilaf, grilled sardine, Frutti di mare, Shrimps Saganaki and stuffed squid, in one of the many fish taverns of the town. Thessaloniki offers a variety of tastes. Traditional Macedonian food, Oriental cuisine and European cuisine.


  • Shopping: The centre of Thessaloniki consists of big road axes: Tsimiski, Mitropoleos, Ermou, Egnatia, Agiou Dimitriou and Leoforos Nikis streets, which are interrupted by vertical streets, mainly those of Agias Sofias, Aristotelous, Venizelou and Paleon Patron Germanou. Around these streets the commercial heart of the town is beating every day.
    The market of Thessaloniki presents the newest fashion in clothes, shoes, jewels, accessories and furs. Especially in Tsimiski you will find clothes and shoes from the top fashion designers of the world. Here you will find modern shops, some of them really luxury with products for every style and pocket!

  • Attractions and entertainment: Visitors can enjoy all sorts of attractions such as music performances at the Orchestra Hall of the City, cultural events (theater, ballet, art exhibits, lectures etc.) and sample a variety of Greek tastes at numerous local restaurants and taverns. One can also visit the many Archaeological Sites, Monuments, Churches and Museums that cover a wide spectrum of ancient and contemporary cultural facets. And of course, Thessaloniki never sleeps ...


  • Attractions close to Thessaloniki: Thessaloniki is located near the historical place of ancient Vergina. Vergina became internationally famous in 1977, when the Greek archaeologist Manolis Andronikos unearthed the burial site of the kings of Macedon, including the tomb of Philip II, father of Alexander the Great.

    Thessaloniki is also located close to the beaches of Chalkidiki. Especially in the summer period, Chalkidiki attracts thousands of tourists every year. There are many beaches for every taste. The beach bars, open all day long, as well as the campings are very favorite to youth.


History of Thessaloniki at a glance
Thessaloniki stands in the heart of the Balkans and takes the name from the step sister of Alexander the Great and was established by her husband Kassandros (King of Macedonia), in 315 B.C. Very soon the city became very populous and under the Romans in 148 B.C. became the capital of roman providence of Macedonia. St Paul passed and preached in Thessaloniki during his second trip (50 B.C.). The impregnable walls kept the city free until 904 when Saracene Pirates took the city.

In 1185 and 1430 the city passed successively to the hands of the Normands and the Turks. During the Byzantine era, Thessaloniki was the second most significant city of the Byzantine Empire, after the capital Constantinople (Istanbul). The wealth of the 14th century Byzantine churches testifies to the heights to which Christianity then attained in the city (St. Paul preached here and also addressed the -Thessalonians- in his well known epistle).

1492 is the year of the arrival of the Sephardic Jews from Spain followed from more Jews arriving from central Europe, giving the city the name mother of Israel or second Jerousalim. The 50 Synagons spread all over the city which was divided in three sections: the Jewish by the port, the Greeks by Rotonda and the Ottomans in Ano Poli (the Upper city). The majority of Jewish population perished in 1943 after the deportation to Auswitz, Birgenau and Bergen Belsen while in the mind time in 1912-13 and the Balkan wars the city was liberated and joined the Greek state.

During World War II Thessaloniki was heavily bombarded by Fascist Italy (with 232 people dead, 871 wounded and over 800 buildings damaged or destroyed in November 1940 alone),[92] and, the Italians having failed to succeed in their invasion of Greece, it fell to the forces of Nazi Germany on 8 April 1941[93] and remained under German occupation until 30 October 1944 when it was liberated by the Greek People's Liberation Army

In 1997 the city was the Cultural Capital of Europe. It was also an Olympic city during the 2004 Olympic Games in Greece. Today, Thessaloniki boasts with the four High Education Institutes/Universities, the International Fair, the Film Festival, the Dimitria festivities and all the cultural activities that are organised all year round. Finally, keep in mind, that Thessaloniki will be the European Youth Capital in 2014.

Useful links
Arts & Culture (list of museums and momentums)
Thessaloniki 360
Thessaloniki Concert Hall